Based on concerns about the rising number of children on Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits program, the Government Accounting Office (GOA) presented a preliminary report to a House of Representatives subcommittee on Oct. 27, 2011. This report examines the increase in children receiving SSI benefits due to mental disabilities such as autism and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) over the past decade; the role of medical evidence (such as using medication) in disability determinations; and the decrease in disability reviews to determine ongoing eligibility. SSI spends about $9 billion per year for 1.2 million low-income children with disabilities nationwide. The GAO plans to issue its final report in April 2012. View the preliminary findings.